Education is never a bad thing, but while a degree is advantageous, it is not strictly necessary. Relevant courses for copywriting include journalism and marketing. These will teach you some of the important skills such as conducting research and meeting deadlines. However, if you have an aptitude for writing and can prove your ability, it doesn't matter whether you've studied or not. Most employers will be far more concerned with your experience and attitude than your education.
We all have to start somewhere, and some form of writing experience is essential for securing any type of copywriting role. The first thing you should do is start a blog covering an area that is of interest to you, for example fashion or music. To get some more hands-on experience, local marketing or PR agencies will usually welcome the opportunity to take on apprentices. If you haven't managed to get anything published, you can always do some speculative copywriting. Choose a product (real or imaginary) and invent a strapline and some compelling product copy.
To get any copywriting work you will need a portfolio of your best writing. Note that this should be copywriting experience specifically, not a news piece you did for your local paper, so this is where speculative writing can come in handy. You should always be adding to and adapting your portfolio as you gain more experience, and what you include should be tailored to the job you're applying for.
An absolute must for any copywriter is having your own website. This should be professional, specific to your copywriting work, and not linked to your personal web presence in any way. Similarly, you should have completely separate social media for your professional work (and make sure your personal accounts are completely private if there's anything on there you wouldn't want a potential employer to see!). LinkedIn and Facebook profiles are always professionally useful, and you can use any social media to link back to your website.
Now for the hard part. You've got the skills, you've done the preparation – now you want to get the work. If you've not been lucky enough to walk into a copywriting job after completing an internship, this can seem a daunting process. The most obvious route to having a career in copywriting is to become a staff writer for an ad or marketing agency, or for an in-house corporate creative department. This is where the above advice comes in handy – if you can confidently sell yourself, while providing solid examples of good work and a comprehensive internet presence, you're in with a good shot. The rest is down to circumstances and luck. However, the stars are not always aligned in our favour, and no matter how talented or well prepared we are, getting that first staff job can be nigh on impossible. Don't worry though, there is another option...
There are many reasons for going freelance as a copywriter, it might be because you're unable to secure a full time position or that you just prefer the freedom and flexibility of working on your terms.
Successful freelance copywriters build a base of clients through hard work and determination. Start by looking for small local businesses in your area, price your services competitively, perhaps even offering a page or two for free. Deliver your work on time and to a great standard. View every new acquaintance as a potential contact; you never know where you might find an opportunity.
The internet is a major avenue for finding freelance work. Market your own website to find leads and also take advantage of crowdsourcing sites such as Copify, which can help you to earn a steady income, and gain vital experience.
If you're just starting out, it might make more financial sense to have another job while you build up your network and portfolio. When you do take on freelance work, be sure to agree on payment terms before you begin a project, ask for 50% of your fee up front and 50% on completion.
Most importantly of all, if you're serious about becoming a copywriter – stick with it! You're unlikely to have success right away, and if you've been rejected it can be hard to pick yourself up again. Don't be put off, however, as if you can prove yourself to be determined and tenacious then you'll be putting yourself in the path of that perfect opportunity. Whether it's applying for that in-house position, or finding clients to do freelance writing for, once you do get the ball rolling you'll be well on your way to a fulfilling career!